All of the Bengal Native Cavalry regiments and 45 of the infantry units rebelled at some point. As early asconcerns that the sepoys' caste may be polluted had led to the Vellore Mutinywhich was brutally suppressed.
The nobility, many of whom had lost titles and domains under the Doctrine of Lapsewhich refused to recognise the adopted children Sepoy rebellion princes as legal heirs, felt that the Company had interfered with a traditional system of inheritance.
The Indian army was also extensively reorganized. This included an increase in the taxation on land. However, the perception that the cartridges were tainted added to the larger suspicion that the British were trying to undermine Indian traditional society.
The border dispute between Nepal and British India, which sharpened afterhad caused the Anglo-Nepalese War of —16 and brought the defeated Gurkhas under British influence. The moment at which the sepoys' grievances led them openly to defy British authority also happened to be the most favourable opportunity to do so.
It lead to the installation of a viceroy Share to: The sepoys were therefore affected to a large degree by the concerns of the landholding and traditional members of Indian society. Just before the rebellion, there were oversepoys in the army, compared to about 50, British.
Bahadur Shah Zafar the last Mughal Emperor, crowned Emperor of India, by the Indian troops, he was deposed by the British, and died in exile in Burma " Utilitarian and evangelical -inspired social reform",  including the abolition of sati   and the legalisation of widow remarriage were considered by many—especially the British themselves  —to have caused suspicion that Indian religious traditions were being "interfered with", with the ultimate aim of conversion.
Te following day, member of the 11th and 20th Cavalry mutinied and killed their British officers, and then every European man-woman-child they could find, plus any Indian Christians. At least one Company official pointed out the difficulties this may cause: Partly owing to this, Bengal sepoys were not subject to the penalty of flogging as were the European soldiers.
The musketry books also recommended that, "Whenever the grease around the bullet appears to be melted away, or otherwise removed from the cartridge, the sides of the bullet should be wetted in the mouth before putting it into the barrel; the saliva will serve the purpose of grease for the time being" This meant that biting a musket cartridge was second nature to the Sepoys, some of whom had decades of service in the Company's army, and who had been doing musket drill for every day of their service.
It was widely felt that a lack of communication with Indian opinion had helped to precipitate the crisis. However, serving high-caste sepoys were fearful that it would be eventually extended to them, as well as preventing sons following fathers into an army with a strong tradition of family service.
Some of these units belonged to states allied to the British or recently absorbed into British-administered territory, and of these, two large contingents from the states of Awadh and Gwalior readily joined the growing rebellion.
For example, the relatively prosperous Muzaffarnagar district, a beneficiary of a Company irrigation scheme, and next door to Meerutwhere the upheaval began, stayed relatively calm throughout.
Sepoy rebellion Sepoy was quickly captured and hanged and as a demonstration of British power, the entire regiment was dismissed. Peace was officially declared on July 8, The Company was quick to reverse the effects of this policy in hopes that the unrest would be quelled.
Other Sepoys across India believed this punishment was too harsh, however. Frictions[ edit ] Some Indians were upset with what they saw as the draconian rule of the Company who had embarked on a project of territorial expansion and westernisation that was imposed without any regard for historical subtleties in Indian society.
To those problems may be added the growing discontent of the Brahmansmany of whom had been dispossessed of their revenues or had lost lucrative positions. Rebel leaders such as Nana Sahib and the Rani of Jhansi belonged to this group; the latter, for example, was prepared to accept East India Company supremacy if her adopted son was recognised as her late husband's heir.
British troops then responded with equal ferocity, killing and hanging the rebels. Another significant result of the mutiny was the beginning of the policy of consultation with Indians.Sep 18, · The Sepoy Rebellion (May - July ) was a revolt by Indian soldiers in the Bengal Army against their British officers.
Before the rebellion was put down, it had spread through much of northern India. The Indian Rebellion of had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes.
The sepoys, a generic term was used for native Indian soldiers of the Bengal army.
The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new. Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in – Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow.
The Sepoy Rebellion In Maya group of Indian soldiers in the British East India Company’s army led a mutiny in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The mutiny soon escalated into an uprising of sepoys and Indian civilians throughout northern India. Unfortunately, the Indian Revolt of did not result in freedom for India.
In fact, Britain reacted to the rebellion by taking even firmer control of the "crown jewel" of its empire. It would be another 90 years before the people of.
What was the cause of the Sepoy Rebellion? Britain had land on almost every continent, and on the guns there is a greased cartridge with pig and cow fat which goes against the .Download